Tag: MIPS

2017 MIPS Performance Feedback Reports may erroneously report 2019 Medicare payment adjustments

By Tayler Chambless, Class of 2020; Elizabeth N. Pitman, Counsel at Waller

2017 was the first year for participation in the Merit-based Incentive Payment System (MIPS), a Quality Payment Program (QPP) implemented by CMS, to award or penalize participating clinicians with regard to future Medicare reimbursements based upon reporting under four categories:

  1. Quality
  2. Improvement Activities
  3. Promoting Interoperability (2017 Advancing Care Information; previously Meaningful Use)
  4. Cost

In July, CMS released 2017 Performance Feedback Reports detailing clinicians’ MIPS final scores, performance category details, and 2019 MIPS Medicare payment adjustments. According to CMS, approximately 621,700 providers received negative adjustments.  At the same time as release of reports, CMS conducted a “targeted review” and discovered major calculation errors in the following areas:

  • Advancing Care Information and Extreme and Uncontrollable Circumstances Hardship Exceptions
  • Awarding Improvement Activity credit for successful participation in Improvement Activities Burden Reduction Study
  • All-Cause Readmission measure

On September 25th, CMS announced that clinicians have 20 days to request a targeted review of their  MIPS report.  Lack of transparency by CMS has buoyed critic positions that MIPS is too complicated.  CMS, however, states that it has “reviewed the concerns, identified a few errors in the scoring logic, and implemented solutions. The targeted review process worked exactly as intended, as the incoming requests quickly alerted us to these issues and allowed us to take immediate action.”

Clinicians are encouraged to review Performance Feedback Reports and request a Targeted Review by Oct. 15, 2018, at 8 p.m. EDT.

What is a targeted review, and how do I submit a request?

Clinicians must request a Targeted Review through the formal online process established by CMS. The Performance Feedback Report may be found at the QPP Portal.

No targeted review is available for:

  1. Methodology used to determine the amount of the MIPS payment adjustment factor and the amount of the additional MIPS payment adjustment factor and the determination of such amounts;
  2. Establishment of performance standards and performance period;
  3. Identification of measures and activities specified for a MIPS performance category and information made public or posted on the Physician Compare CMS website; and
  4. Methodology used to calculate performance scores and calculation of such scores (weighting measures and activities)

CMS will generally require additional supporting documents that the clinician must provide within 30 days. All targeted review decisions are final and without further review.

Clinicians should be prepared to submit supporting documents:

  • Supporting extracts from the electronic health record (EHR)
  • Performance data provided to third-parties
  • Performance data submitted to CMS
  • QPP Service Center ticket numbers
  • Signed contracts or agreements between clinician/group and third-party intermediaries
  • Alternative Payment Model participation agreements
  • Partial qualified participant (QP) election forms
  • Other requested documents.

CMS is in the process of reviewing over 15,000 comments on a proposed rule that was issued in July to outline changes for year three of the MIPS Quality Payment Program and update the Medicare physician fee schedule. The final rule will be issued later this fall.

 

CMS unveils new bundled payment model

By Chase Doscher, Class of 2018; Elizabeth N. Pitman, Counsel at Waller; Zachary D. Trotter, Associate at Waller

Earlier this month, CMS announced the launch of the Bundled Payment for Care Improvement Advanced (BPCI Advanced) payment model.

This is the first Advanced Alternative Payment Model (Advanced APM) introduced under the Trump Administration and the start of the next generation of BPCI models offered through the Center for Medicare and Medicaid Innovation and authorized under the Affordable Care Act.  Under the MACRA Quality Payment Program, providers will be subject to Medicare payment adjustments through one of two tracks: Merit-based Incentive Payment System (MIPS) or Advanced APM.

Under MIPS, a provider may receive a negative, neutral or positive adjustment with the expectation that the majority of participants will experience either negative or neutral adjustments. The BPCI Advanced model, however, entices providers to participate in an Advanced APM by offering the potential for bonus payments under MACRA for those who meet or achieve certain benchmarks during a 90-day episode of care, including the all-cause hospital readmission measure and advance care plan measure.  As with other Advanced APMs, BPCI Advanced requires that participants assume some of the risk and ties payment to quality performance metrics and the required use of certified healthcare technology.

After cancelling an Obama-era proposal for converting certain of the BPCI episode models to mandatory bundled-payment models, the Trump Administration effort to maintain voluntary participation is an attempt to decrease the administrative burdens such models placed on providers. Voluntary participation in BPCI models, such as Comprehensive Care for Joint Replacement and the Cardiac Rehabilitation Incentive model, has been offered since 2016.

This new model will give providers, “an incentive to deliver efficient care,” Seema Verma, CMS Administrator, said. “BPCI Advanced builds on the earlier success of bundled payment models and is an important step in the move away from fee-for-service and toward paying for value.”

Thirty-two clinical care episodes will initially be included in BPCI Advanced, 29 inpatient-setting episodes of care and three outpatient-setting episodes of care and the potential for episode revision for new and existing participants beginning January 1, 2020.   The clinical care episodes include services such as major joint replacement of a lower extremity, percutaneous coronary intervention and spinal fusion.

BPCI Advanced performance period is from October 1, 2018 through December 31, 2023.  Participants joining in the initial stage may not exit prior to January 1, 2020.

Providers interested in at least one of the 32 clinical episodes to apply to the model have until 11:59 pm EST on March 12, 2018 to apply via the application portal.